Apart from overcrowding on the ship with the attendant problems of hygiene and harsh treatment by crew members, the journey was also made unpleasant by the fear of torpedo attacks, the uncertainty of the destination, and by tensions between Jewish refugees and Nazi passengers. Heritage Collections Council 2001, Significance: A guide to assessing the significance of cultural heritage objects and collections, Canberra. Dunera Boys The Dunera Boys Accidental Immigrants Theirs is a story worth telling. Hello, I am new to this group. Cast Complete series cast summary:. However, the notes were printed in only a single print run before the editor was contacted by the government to inform him that he had broken the Commonwealth Note Issue Act and the Commonwealth and State Stamp Duty Act. He was bayoneted in the stomach by one of the guards and spent the rest of the voyage in the hospital.
In addition to the internees from Europe German Christian families arrived from Papua New Guinea and Palestine. The Dunkirk evacuation had just taken place remember? Others were recruited as interpreters or into the intelligence services. They were, in effect, refugees seeking protection from Nazi persecution. There was only one piece of soap for twenty men, and one towel for ten men, water was rationed, and luggage was stowed away so there was no change of clothing. The Governments intention was so keep them in custody in case they caused further trouble but after a while these men became greatly feared and any kind thought was lost. I joined because my step father, Paul Mezulianik was a Dunera boy.
In the years following the war, there have been reunions of the Dunera Boys in Hay; and regular get-togethers in Melbourne. Some 900 elected to remain in Australia, and a substantial number of them served with Australia's defence forces, notably in the 8th Employment Company. Photograph Stephen Thompson With the outbreak of war the Australian government began the registration of all people classified as Enemy Aliens. Internee George A Telscher designed unique and intricate banknotes. I have seen references to passenger lists so somewhere the records might show better substantiated numbers. After Britain declared war on Germany the government set up aliens tribunals to distinguish Nazi sympathisers from refugees who had fled from Nazism. I was expecting a rail museum; but instead discovered the Dunera Boys: the accidental immigrants.
The curator of the Hay museum told me that their records indicate that 1,984 detainees were countered off the trains on arrival in Hay. Compensation payments were later paid to the detainees. The collection has intangible significance in providing a reminder of the fears felt by the Australian, German, Italian and Japanese communities of war, the loss of loved ones and the insecurity of war time. There was a hospital on board but no operating theatre. However, after the , the loss of the Low Countries and Italy's declaration of war, Britain stood alone against the spread of fascism and anxieties became acute. Following the fall of France and the evacuation of Dunkirk, the British Government responded to public panic over the 'enemy within' and temporarily interned thousands of foreign nationals.
Photograph Stephen Thompson Arriving in Sydney on the 6th of September 1940, the Dunera Boys were first interned in Hay and Orange in New South Wales. So, Who Are the Dunera Boys? The collection comprises various objects including a soccer jumper, newsletters, passport, artworks, a suitcase and documents. The Dunera Boys made the best of their ill-fated lot. Also on board were theoretical physicist and his engineer later philosopher brother ; research scientest F. Toilet facilities were far from adequate, even with makeshift latrines erected on the deck and sewage flooded the decks.
A large number of pertinent records can be located on the National Archives database, using keyword access eg 'Dunera', 'Tatura', 'Enemy Aliens', 'Internees'. Released 1985, 'The Dunera Boys' stars Joe Spano, , The movie has a runtime of about 2 hr 30 min, and received a score of out of 100 on Metacritic, which put together reviews from well-known critics. Here is their story drawn from exhibits in the Hay museum, the , and bits and pieces from other Internet sites. Blows with rifle butts and beatings from the soldiers were daily occurrences. They made improvised carpentry tools for crafting wood. Not until the painful consequences become obvious. Eventually they were brought to Tatura, Victoria.
After leaving the Dunera the pale and emaciated refugees were transported through the night by train 750 kilometres 470 mi west of Sydney to the rural town of in central New South Wales. This from Wikipedia but without a source quoted. Notes: Originally produced for televsion in 1985. Archived from on 2 May 2014. Some had already been to sea but their ship, the , had been torpedoed with great loss of life. He was kept in an internment camp until 1942, when he joined the Australian army. Some additional records can be gleaned from hard-copy series listings.
He was appalled and his subsequent report led to the court martial of the officer in charge, Lieutenant-Colonel William Scott. The internees established a football team and named it after the famous Italian football team Juventus Turin. The 2,542 aliens consisted of 200 Italian and 251 German prisoners of war, as well as several dozen Nazi sympathizers, along with 2,036 anti-Nazis, most of them Jewish refugees. About two-thirds of the 2,036 anti-Nazis were Jewish. France had fallen to the Nazi juggernaut.
The collection is in good condition. In what amounted to a tragi-comedy of errors they were interned in a camp at Hay, N. In contrast to the Army personnel, the ship's crew and officers showed kindness to the internees, and some later testified at the soldiers'. The maltreatment of prisoners by sections of the British escort troops earned the Dunera the label 'hellship. Among the internees were women and children. Almost all the rest made their way back to Britain, many of them joining the armed forces there. Even canny Londoner Hoskins is taken away because his father was a refugee decades before.